When anyone is transporting oil from one place to another in that condition he/she needs to check out all safety measures. In case oil is transported through land way then oil tanker trucks are used by transporters. These trucks are especially manufactured for this particular work only and strong metals are used in its producing process.
Similarly, every driver is not able to drive it, to drive these trucks they are required to take special training. Only expert ones are appointed for this work. The main reason behind this filtration is, some drivers do rash driving and it may lead to oil spills.
How do oil spills happen?
Most of the people put a question that, how do oil spills happen. The main reason behind oil spills is leakage of oil while transporting. When oil leakage takes place and gets released in environment in large volume at that time it causes pollution. If oil spills take place on land or sea and cause both types of pollutions soil and water. Mainly oil is released into the environment through leakage in pipeline, vehicle or vessel. If transporters pay attention to all aspects and factors then the risk of oil spilling may be reduced. Due to the negligence of drivers or truck controllers it happens. Some oil tankers are filled with highly inflammable oils and negligence in these cases may lead to a big explosion.
Effects on environment
There are numerous bad effects of oil spill the biggest one is faced by environment. Another negative effect is faced by economy of that particular country. Government is required to spend lots of money for dealing with these unfavorable conditions. For completely eliminating the effects of oil spill they need to do different kinds of arrangements.